تأثیر سازوکارهای حاکمیت شرکتی و ارتباطات سیاسی بر محافظه‌کاری حسابداری در شرکت‌های پذیرفته‌شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد حسابداری، گروه حسابداری، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
لازمه موفقیت و عملکرد مناسب شرکت‌ها، وجود ساختار حاکمیت شرکتی قوی برای نظارت بهتر بر مدیریت و استفاده از محافظه‌کاری جهت بهبود عملکرد مالی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر حاکمیت شرکتی و ارتباطات سیاسی بر محافظه‌کاری حسابداری در شرکت‌های پذیرفته‌شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران است. نمونه‌ آماری پژوهش به روش حذف سیستماتیک، از میان شرکت‌های پذیرفته‌شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران در بازده زمانی 1390 تا 1398 که حجم آن 140 شرکت می‌باشد، انتخاب شده است. همچنین، برای آزمون فرضیه‌ها‌ی پژوهش از روش رگرسیون داده‌های ترکیبی بهره گرفته شده است. نتایج حاصل از آزمون فرضیه‌‌های پژوهش حاکی از آن بود که اندازه هیئت‌مدیره تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر محافظه‌کاری حسابداری ندارد.استقلال هیئت‌مدیره، کیفیت حسابرسی و مالکیت مدیریتی تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر محافظه‌کاری حسابداری در شرکت‌های پذیرفته‌شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران دارند. همچنین، نتایج نشان داد مالکیت دولتی و روابط سیاسی تأثیر منفی و معناداری بر محافظه‌کاری حسابداری در شرکت‌های پذیرفته‌شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران دارند.
واژه های کلیدی: محافظه‌کاری حسابداری، حاکمیت شرکتی، ارتباطات سیاسی.

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